Drivers will have a short race on Saturday to set Sunday's starting grid
This weekend's Great Britain Grand Prix marks the debut of a new addition to the Formula 1 calendar: Sprint Qualifying, or qualifying race. It is a “pre-race” on Saturday (17), on an experimental basis, to define the starting grid for the race on Sunday (18).
The format is not unprecedented in motorsport. Until 2020, for example, each stage of Formula 2 had two races: the feature race (longer, held on Saturdays, with more points) and the sprint race (shorter, on Sundays, with fewer points). In 2021, to lower costs, F-2 has three races per stage – two sprint races on Saturdays and one on Sundays.